FLOSS

FLOSS
FLOSS, village in Bavaria, Germany. In 1685 a group of Jewish cloth merchants received a charter to settle and build on an unoccupied hill. Four houses were built in 1687 and the Jewish "colony" (juedische Kolonie), as it was called then, had 12 houses by 1712. In 1721 a synagogue was built. The community (referred to as "Judenberg" by contemporaries) retained its rights of self-government and jurisdiction well into the 19th century. When the government in 1819 ordered the incorporation of the Jewish community within the village according to the 1813 Bavarian edict (see bavaria ), the Christian villagers protested, and in 1824 the Jewish community was again separated. It was totally incorporated in the village in 1869. There were 200 Jews living in Floss in 1799, 391 in 1840, 205 in 1871, and 19 in 1933. Floss served as a religious center for the Jews of the neighboring villages. On Kristallnacht (November 1938) the synagogue (consecrated in 1817) was burned down and the rabbi's house and communal center were ransacked. No Jews returned after the war. yehoseph schwarz , pioneer Jewish geographer of Ereẓ Israel, was born in Floss. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: M. Weinberg, Geschichte der Juden im Herzogtum Sulzbach (1927); awjd (Nov. 2, 1951), 9; S. Schwarz, Die Juden in Bayern (1963), 87, passim; PK Bavaryah.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • floss — [flôs, fläs] n. [earlier also flosh < Fr floche, downy, woolly (in soie floche, floss silk), ult. < L floccus: see FLOCCUS] 1. the rough silk covering a silkworm s cocoon 2. the short, downy waste fibers of silk 3. a soft, loosely twisted… …   English World dictionary

  • Floss — (?; 195), n. [It. floscio flabby, soft, fr. L. fluxus flowing, loose, slack. See {Flux}, n.] 1. (Bot.) The slender styles of the pistillate flowers of maize; also called {silk}. [1913 Webster] 2. Untwisted filaments of silk, used in embroidering …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • floss|y — «FLS ee, FLOS », adjective, floss|i|er, floss|i|est. 1. of floss. 2. like floss. 3. Informal, Figurative. fancy; …   Useful english dictionary

  • Floss — Floss, n. [Cf. G. floss a float.] 1. A small stream of water. [Eng.] [1913 Webster] 2. Fluid glass floating on iron in the puddling furnace, produced by the vitrification of oxides and earths which are present. [1913 Webster] {Floss hole}. (a) A… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • floss — ► NOUN 1) the rough silk enveloping a silkworm s cocoon. 2) untwisted silk fibres used in embroidery. 3) (also dental floss) a soft thread used to clean between the teeth. ► VERB ▪ clean between (one s teeth) with dental floss. ORIGIN Old French… …   English terms dictionary

  • Floss — may refer to: * Embroidery thread, machine or hand spun yarn for embroidery * Dental floss, used to clean teethComputing* Free and open source software, Free/Libre/Open Source Software …   Wikipedia

  • floss — (n.) rough silk, 1759, perhaps from Fr. floche tuft of wool (16c.), from O.Fr. floc tuft, lock, from L. floccus tuft of wool. Or from an unrecorded O.E. or O.N. word from the root found in Du. flos plush (17c.). Cf. the surname Flossmonger,… …   Etymology dictionary

  • floss — floss·er; floss; …   English syllables

  • Floss — fishing mortality corresponding to an expected lifetime contribution to the spawning stock biomass for the average recruit to the fishery (SSB/R) equal to the inverse of R/SSB at the lowest observed spawning stock (LOSS) …   Dictionary of ichthyology

  • FLOSS — Die Begriffe Free/Libre Open Source Software bzw. Free and Open Source Software und ihre Akronyme FLOSS bzw. FOSS sind hybride Begriffe für Freie Software und Open Source Software. Die Begriffe werden häufig genutzt, um den nicht gelösten… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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